Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age Chapter 1
the study of the full scope of human diversity, past and present, and the application of that knowledge to help people of different backgrounds better understand one another.
The belief that one’s own culture or way of life is normal and natural; using one’s own culture to evaluate and judge the practices and ideals of others.
A primary research strategy in cultural anthropology involving living with a community of people over an extended period to better understand their lives.
The use of four interrelated disciplines to study humanity: physical anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology and cultural anthropology.
The anthropological commitment to consider the full scope of human life, including culture , biology, history, and language, across space and time.
The study of humans from a biological perspective, particularly focused on human evolution.
The sudy of the history of human evolution through the fossil record.
The study of living nonhuman primates as well as primate fossils to better understand human evolution and early human behavior.
The investigation of the human past by means of excavating and analyzing artifacts.
The reconstruction of human behavior in the distant past (before written records) through the examination of artifacts.
The exploration of the more recent past through an examination of physical remains and artifacts as well as written or oral records.
The study of human language in the past and present.
Those who analyze languages and their components parts.
Those who study how language changes over time within a culture and how languages travel across cultures.
Those who study language in its social and cultural contexts.
The study of people communities behaviors beliefs and institution including how people make meaning as they live work and play together.
A key anthropological research strategy involving both participation in and observation of the daily life of the people being studied.
The analysis and comparison of ethnographic data across cultures.
The worldwide intensification of interactions and increased movement of money, people, goods, and ideas within and across national borders.
The rapid innovation of communication and transportation technologies associated with globalization that transforms the way people think about space and time.
The increasingly flexible strategies that corporations use to accumulate profits in an era of globalization, enable by innovative communications and transportation technologies.
The accelerated movement of people within and between countries.
The unequal distribution of the benefits of globalization.
The dramatic transformations of economics, politics, and culture characteristic of contemporary globalization.
Changes to the earth’s climate, including global worming produced primarily by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases crated by human activity such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation.