1. What is child abuse and how do you identify it?
Child abuse, also referred as child maltreatment, is an act made by the parent, guardian, or caretaker that results in the child’s death, injury, or emotional discomfort (Joyful Heart Foundation, 1). Child abuse is not solely physical; it can be sexual abuse, neglect, and emotional abuse. Physical and sexual abuses are more recognizable and obvious, making them the easier case to solve. Neglect and emotional abuse can be just as damaging, and dangerously subtle (Child Abuse and Neglect, 3). Unfortunately, most children do not even know they are being abused; making it is incredibly hard to identify child maltreatment, “their reactions can vary by personality, culture or age” (Signs of Abuse and Neglect, 1). There are plenty of warning signs of each different types of mistreatment. For emotional abuse; it can be excessive fear of doing something wrong, extremes in behavior, detached to guardian, and more (Child Abuse and Neglect).
Physical abuse can be identified by frequent unexplained bruises, welts, or cuts that appear to have pattern as an object used by guardian, flinches from touch, wears clothing that cover up scars and marks (Child Abuse and Neglect). Warning signs for neglect in children would be exampled as clothing (unsuitable for weather, dirty, ill-fitting, etc.), bad hygiene, untreated sicknesses, and frequently late for school and to activities, unsupervised, etc (Child Abuse and Neglect). Last, warning signs for sexually abused children would generalize around having trouble sitting and walking, knowledge of sexual acts at inappropriate age, avoids specific person, STD or pregnancy, runs away (Child Abuse and Neglect).
2. What is early childhood development?
Early childhood development, known as ECD, “is the most rapid period of development in a human life” (What is Early Child Development, 1) and vary from each individual child. The approach on ECD is based on the fact that kids respond better when the parent/caregiver uses “specific techniques designed to encourage and stimulate progress to the next level of development” (What is Early Child Development, 1). Commonly the age interval known in the ECD range from birth to 8 years, each age range has specifically what they do and what they need to progress on to the next level.
3. Are there ways to prevent against child maltreatment?
There are child abuse programs in the nation to help prevent child abuse. The Public Service Announcements targets the problem of child abuse by spreading awareness to the public. In other cases, the PSA also target individual families. Parenting classes help the parents learn how to nurture children, some classes try to reduce harmful effects of the maltreatment and to stop further abuse, these programs target teen mothers. Respite and crisis care programs can be used to alleviate stress off the parents, and have care takers that handle the children.
Although this can be very dangerous if the care taker does not know how to care for the children. Parent support groups help with family interactions with other families to strengthen the bond of a family. Parent education can convince parents to develop positive parenting skills and to prevent neglect or abuse resulting in the parents and adolescents creating a warm strong bond (Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect).
4. What is the best way to help a child suffering from the different types of abuse? There are numerous different ways to stop child abuse. Learning about child abuse and how to identify them do a great deal. Here are some steps that provide detail; evaluating the situations of child abuse, “be helpful and supportive, pay attention to the child, and continuously talking to the child” (Step 1… Abuse). When the situation is thought to be of an emergency the best way is to call 911, immediately. Child abuse cases when are identified should always be reported (Step 2: Report Child Abuse). Understanding the Child Abuse Laws, help incorporate from what’s right and wrong and the legal definitions of abuse or neglect. Professionals such as teachers, counselors, and school staff are required by law to report abuse, any time a report is made the Child Protective Services cannot give you information about the case (Step 3…Laws).
Lastly, prevention has the biggest impact, when the warning signs are picked up and reported, the earlier the better, it helps in the long run (Step 4…Abuse). 5. How does the progression of child abuse affect in the later stages of life? According to The American Academy Pediatrics, children neglected or abused early in age may be seen in the future with behavioral problems that are serious. A few of the following outcomes from the misconducted treatment of parents can cause depression, instability, or belligerency towards others.
Post-traumatic stress disorders can occur in the child’s life through difficulty socializing, “neurobiological research has shown that early abuse results in an altered physiological response to stressful stimuli, a response that deleteriously affects the child’s subsequent socialization” (Understanding… Child Abuse). The child may go through medical and psychological care through their adolescent years and adult years. Kids that are traumatized are recommended to be clinically assisted.
6. Does child maltreatment affect a child mentally? If so, how severe? How many deaths are caused from child abuse? Due to maltreatment, wide ranges of neuropsychiatric disorders are caused. These disorders consist of anxieties, phobias, difficult behaviors, and depression. The frontal content system can be affected; therefore it disrupts the abstract thoughts of the brain. The synapses that connect the neurons and nerve cells can be thinned or eliminated during childhood mistreatment. During the critical process of neurodevelopment, children can be affecting by loss of sensory and abnormal activation, more importantly the attachment process to any person that affects the kid with maltreatment is then minimal in terms of trust.
A huge part of the sensory of the brain, optimal organization is needed throughout the lifetime and is disrupted through abuse resulting to the malfunctioning in the regulations of the brain. Research has shown that the brains of children with maltreatment are 20-30 % smaller than the kids without maltreatment (CEEP). The most tragic consequence of maltreatment is death; fifty-one states reported a total of 1,537 deaths in 2010. Based on that, a national estimate of 1.560 children died from abuse and neglect. And of the reported losses; overall rate was 2.07 per 100,000, 70.4% were younger than the age of 4, boys had a higher rate than girls, 32.6% were exclusively to neglect, and lastly 40.8% were caused by multiple child abuse types (Child Maltreatment Report).
7. Seventh Paragraph; Controversy, Disagreement, Injustice. It is extremely hard to identify maltreatment in the early stages of childhood; this is because they are still too young to understand what is happening. The quickest and most efficient way to fix any problem is to identify the issue right away, find the cause, thus leading to the solution right away. The problem with child abuse is that there is a lot of confidential issues and lack of identifying the sole cause.
1. What is a quicker and more absolute way to recognize child abuse within the first and early stages of development? 2. Is there a way to help child abuse at school or locations other than at home? 3. How does child abuse further affect early childhood development?
“CEEP. Child Maltreatment: Effects on Development and Learning.” CEEP. Child Maltreatment: Effects on Development and Learning. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Oct. 2012. . “Child Abuse and Neglect.” Child Abuse & Neglect: Recognizing and Preventing Child Abuse. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2012. . “Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) State Grants.” Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2012. . “Child Maltreatment Report.” Children’s Bureau. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Administration for Children and Families, 2012. Web. 30 Sept. 2012. . Friedman, Kimberly. “Early Childhood Abuse and Neglect: Exploring the Consequences, Effects, and Treatment.” Http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu. N.p., Dec. 2010. Web. 1 Oct. 2012. “Joyful Heart Foundation.” Joyful Heart Foundation. N.p., 2011. Web.